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High Ross Treaty

An outline of the High Ross Treaty components and link to the complete document (pdf)

In 1942, Seattle City Light negotiated an agreement with the Province to raise the dam by 120 feet which would have flooded over 5,000 acres of prime wildlife habitat and recreation lands in BC. The Agreement was upheld by the Provincial Government in 1967 but generated intense opposition. Lengthy negotiations ensued.

In the 1984 Treaty, Seattle City Light agreed not to raise Ross Dam for 80 years in exchange for power purchased at rates equivalent to what would have resulted from raising the dam. The High Ross Treaty also created the Skagit Environmental Endowment Commission (SEEC) to manage an endowment fund to preserve the area, pristine wilderness and fish and wildlife habitat in the Upper Skagit Watershed until 2065.

The purposes of the Skagit Environmental Endowment Commission (SEEC), as stated in Appendix D of the 1984 High Ross Treaty, are as follows:

  • To conserve and protect wilderness and wildlife habitat.
  • To enhance recreational opportunities in the Skagit Valley.
  • To acquire mineral or timber rights consistent with conservation and recreational purposes.
  • To conduct studies of need and feasibility of projects.
  • To plan for and construct hiking trails, footbridges, interpretive displays and the like.
  • To cause the removal of stumps and snags in Ross Lake and on the shoreline as deemed appropriate, and the grooming and contouring of the shoreline, consistent with wildlife habitat protection; and
  • To connect, if feasible, Manning Provincial park and the North Cascades National Park by a trail system.

Protest canoes on the Skagit River.
Protest canoes on the Skagit River

Further Reading:

A History of the High Ross Controversy
1981 exerpt from "A Citizens Guide to the Skagit Valley"
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